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River, Central Asia, in Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kazakhstan. It is formed by the confluence of two headstreams in the fertile Fergana valley and flows northwest for 1,374 mi (2,212 km) to empty into the Aral Sea. Its lower course is on the eastern edge of the Kyzylkum desert. It is the longest river in Central Asia but carries less water than does the Amu Darya. It is used extensively for hydroelectric power and irrigation, and its waters thus frequently do not reach the Aral.
Variants of SYR DARYA
Syr Darya ancient Jaxartes River
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Syr Darya, visit Britannica.com.
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