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Ancient Greek city, southern Italy, on the Gulf of Tarentum. Founded c. 720 BC by Achaeans and known for its wealth and luxury (hence, the English word sybarite), it was one of the oldest cities of Magna Graecia. Twice razed by the Crotoniates (510 BC and c. 448 BC), it attempted rebuilding and relocating but never regained its importance.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Sybaris, visit Britannica.com.