Group of Dutch artists founded in 1917, including Theo van Doesburg and Piet Mondrian. The group advocated a utopian style: the universal harmony of life. Its ideal of purity and order in life and society as well as art reflects the Calvinist background of its members. Through its journal, De Stijl (1917–31), it influenced painting, the decorative arts (including furniture design), typography, and especially architecture, where its aesthetic found expression at the Bauhaus and in the International Style.
Card Players, oil painting by De Stijl artist Theo van Doesburg, 1917; in the
—Courtesy of the Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague
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