One of three neighbouring South African sites (the others being Kromdraai and Swartkrans) at which the remains of fossil hominids have been found. The fossils found include those of Australopithecus africanus, A. robustus (see Australopithecus), and Homo erectus. In 1996 researchers uncovered the most complete australopithecine fossil skeleton since Lucy, that of an A. africanus individual with a humanlike pelvis but with limb proportions similar to those of a modern chimpanzee. At Makapansgat, 150 mi (240 km) to the north, the remains of about 40 individuals of A. africanus have been found.

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