Lay religious and political group associated with the Buddhist sect Nichiren-sho-shu (see Nichiren Buddhism). The most successful of Japan's new religious movements of the 20th century, it draws on the 13th-century teachings of Nichiren. Like other movements in Nichiren Buddhism, it takes the Lotus Sutra as its chief scripture. Founded in 1930, Soka-gakkai came to prominence in the later 20th century, eventually developing a membership of over 6 million. In 1964 it established the Komeito (Clean Government Party), which by the 1980s was Japan's third-largest political party. It also conducts educational and cultural activities.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
For the full entry on Soka-gakkai, visit Britannica.com.
Seen & Heard
What made you look up Soka-gakkai? Please tell us what you were reading, watching or discussing that led you here.