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(90–89 BC) Rebellion waged by ancient Rome's Italian allies (Latin, socii). The allies in central and southern Italy had aided Rome in its wars, but they were denied the privileges of Roman citizenship. The people of central Italy's hillsthe Marsi in the north and the Samnites in the southorganized a confederacy and began an uprising for independence, winning victories over Roman armies in the north and south. After Rome granted citizenship to those who had not revolted and those who would immediately lay down their arms, Italian interest in the struggle declined. Sulla defeated the weakened rebels in the south, and legislation was passed to unify Italy south of the Po River.
Variants of SOCIAL WAR
Social War or Italic War or Marsic War
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Social War, visit Britannica.com.
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