Shrewsbury, Charles Talbot, duke and 12th earl of

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Shrewsbury, Charles Talbot, duke and 12th earl of

biographical name

(born July 24, 1660—died Feb. 1, 1718, London, Eng.) English statesman. He inherited his father's title at age seven and was raised as a Catholic. He became a Protestant in 1679 and in 1688 was one of seven men who invited William of Orange to seize power from James II. After aiding the successful rebellion, Shrewsbury served William III as secretary of state (1689–90, 1694–99) and was created a duke in 1694. Shifting his allegiance from the Whigs, he served in a Tory administration as lord lieutenant of Ireland (1710–14) and was appointed by Queen Anne as lord high treasurer (1714). He obtained recognition of George I as the legitimate royal heir and assured the peaceful succession of the house of Hanover.

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