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Shoin-zukuri interior in the Ginkaku Temple, Kyoto, showing a chigai-dana (left —Oguro Planning Co.FPG
Style of Japanese domestic architecture. The name is taken from a feature called the shoin, a study alcove with a built-in desk. Other common features included the tokonoma and chigai-dana (built-in shelves). The style, derived from Zen Buddhist monastic dwellings, gradually replaced the shinden-zukuri style during the Muromachi period (1338–1573). It is characterized by a new modesty of scale (forced on the aristocracy by loss of income); asymmetry and an irregular flowing together of masses; and the use of solid-wall construction and sliding shoji, rather than the movable partitions that divided the main living space in the shinden.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on shoin-zukuri, visit Britannica.com.
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