Balkan state formed in 1918 after World War I. It included the previously independent kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro and the southern Slavic territories formerly subject to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, including Dalmatia, Croatia-Slavonia, Slovenia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The kingdom was ruled by the Serbian Karadjordjevic dynasty. In 1929 King Alexander I sought to combat local nationalisms by proclaiming a royal dictatorship and renaming the state Yugoslavia.
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