Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, Kingdom of


Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, Kingdom of

Balkan state formed in 1918 after World War I. It included the previously independent kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro and the southern Slavic territories formerly subject to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, including Dalmatia, Croatia-Slavonia, Slovenia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The kingdom was ruled by the Serbian Karadjordjevic dynasty. In 1929 King Alexander I sought to combat local nationalisms by proclaiming a royal dictatorship and renaming the state Yugoslavia.

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