Town and borough (pop., 2001: 106,233), North Yorkshire, England. Located on the North Sea coast, Scarborough originated as a 10th-century Viking fishing settlement at the site of a 4th-century Roman signal station. In the 12th century a Norman castle was built on the headland. After 1626, spa development made it a fashionable resort. It remains the most popular seaside resort in northeastern England. The borough of Scarborough extends far beyond old Scarborough town.

This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
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