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Town and borough (pop., 2001: 106,233), North Yorkshire, England. Located on the North Sea coast, Scarborough originated as a 10th-century Viking fishing settlement at the site of a 4th-century Roman signal station. In the 12th century a Norman castle was built on the headland. After 1626, spa development made it a fashionable resort. It remains the most popular seaside resort in northeastern England. The borough of Scarborough extends far beyond old Scarborough town.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Scarborough, visit Britannica.com.