Savimbi, Jonas (Malheiro) biographical name
(born Aug. 3, 1934, Portuguese Angoladied Feb. 22, 2002, near Lucusse, Angola) Angolan guerrilla leader and politician. After obtaining a doctorate abroad, Savimbi returned to found the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) in 1966. With aid from China, South Africa, and the U.S., UNITA developed a large guerrilla army and embarked on an extended war against the Soviet-backed Angolan government. In 1991 Savimbi agreed to participate in free multiparty elections, but after losing he resumed his military campaign. A peace accord (1994) and later agreements (1996) permitted UNITA to join a coalition government; many of the agreements' measures were carried out under UN auspices, but Savimbi declined to become vice president, and violence continued until his death. UNITA signed a peace agreement in April 2002.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
For the full entry on Savimbi, Jonas (Malheiro), visit Britannica.com.
Seen & Heard
What made you look up Savimbi, Jonas (Malheiro)? Please tell us what you were reading, watching or discussing that led you here.