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Either of two temples of ancient Egypt that were dedicated to the worship of the Greco-Egyptian god Sarapis. The original temple was built on the western bank of the Nile, near Saqqara, during the reign of Ramses II on a site originally dedicated to the worship of Osiris. The other Sarapeum was at Alexandria and was built during the reign of Ptolemy I Soter. In Roman times, other Sarapeums were constructed throughout the empire.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Sarapeum, visit Britannica.com.
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