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One of the six orthodox systems (darshans) of Indian philosophy. It adopts a consistent dualism between matter and soul (seeprakriti and purusha), which are sufficient to account for the existence of the universe; it does not hypothesize the existence of a god. Samkhya also makes a thoroughgoing distinction between psychological and physical functions on the one hand and pure personhood on the other.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Samkhya, visit Britannica.com.
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