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Stepdaughter of Herod Antipas, who caused the death of John the Baptist. The event is recounted in the gospels of Matthew and Mark, though her name is given only by the historian Josephus. John had been imprisoned for denouncing Herod's adulterous marriage to Herodias, but Herod was afraid to kill him. When Salome, daughter of Herodias, danced before the king, he promised to give her anything she asked as a reward, and she requested John's head on a platter. The scene was a popular subject in Christian art.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Salome, visit Britannica.com.