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(born c. 1054died February 1134, Cardiff, Wales) Duke of Normandy (1087–1106). The eldest son of William I, he was named heir to Normandy but rebelled twice (c. 1077, c. 1082). Robert was exiled to Italy but returned as duke on his father's death. He pawned Normandy to his brother William II and joined the First Crusade, in which he fought bravely and helped capture Jerusalem (1099). He led an unsuccessful invasion of England after Henry I became king (1100); Henry then invaded Normandy (1105–06) and captured Robert, who spent the rest of his life as a prisoner.
Variants of ROBERT II
Robert II known as Robert Curthose
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Robert II, visit Britannica.com.
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