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(221–207 BC) Dynasty that established the first great Chinese empire. The Qin (from which the name China is derived) established the approximate boundaries and basic administrative system that all subsequent dynasties were to follow. Qin accomplishments include standardizing the Chinese writing system and building the Great Wall; the dynasty is also notorious for the Qin bibliocaust, in which all nonutilitarian books were ordered burned. Due to its harshness, the dynasty outlasted its first emperor, Shihuangdi, by only three years; it was beset by rebellion and succeeded by the Han dynasty.
Variants of QIN DYNASTY
Qin dynasty or Ch'in dynasty
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Qin dynasty, visit Britannica.com.
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