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Colourless, easily liquefied hydrocarbongas (CH or, more fully, CHCHCH). Separated in large quantities from natural gas, light crude oil, and oil-refinery gases, it is available as liquefied propane or as a major constituent of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). It is an important raw material for the manufacture of ethylene and for the petrochemical industry. It is also used as a refrigerant, extractant, solvent, aerosol propellant, and fuel for portable cooking appliances, torches, and lighters.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on propane, visit Britannica.com.