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Ancient district, northeastern Anatolia adjoining the Black Sea. An independent kingdom with its capital at Amasia, it was established in the 4th century BC. It continued expanding its borders until 66 BC, when its last king, Mithradates VI Eupator, was defeated by the Roman general Pompey the Great. It was incorporated into the Roman Empire in 63 BC.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Pontus, visit Britannica.com.