(1606–09) Commercial trading company chartered by the English crown to colonize the eastern coast of North America in present-day New England. Also called the Virginia Colony of Plymouth, its shareholders were merchants of Plymouth, Bristol, and Exeter. Its twin company was the more successful London Company. The Plymouth Company established a colony on the coast of Maine in 1607 but soon abandoned it. Inactive after 1609, it was reorganized under a new charter in 1620 as the Council for New England. See also chartered company.
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