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One of the oldest and most important institutions of higher education in China. It was founded as Capital College in 1898 and became a university in 1911. By 1920 it had become a centre for progressive thought. During the Sino-Japanese War (1937–45) it was temporarily relocated to Yunnan province. The first disturbances of the Cultural Revolution began at Beijing University in 1966; education there ceased between 1966 and 1970. The university has since reasserted its position as China's foremost nontechnical university. It has more than three dozen colleges and academic departments and scores of research institutes.
Variants of PEKING UNIVERSITY
Peking University or Beijing University
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Peking University, visit Britannica.com.
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