A branch of soil science focusing on the formation, morphology, and classification of soils as bodies within the natural landscape. Pedology seeks to understand how the properties and distribution patterns of soils worldwide (collectively called the pedosphere) have developed along with broader landforms, biogeochemical environments, and habitats of living organisms. Through their understanding of the causes and magnitudes of soil variations, pedologists help to broaden knowledge of the surface of the Earth.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
For the full entry on pedology, visit Britannica.com.
Seen & Heard
What made you look up pedology? Please tell us what you were reading, watching or discussing that led you here.