Pecan (Carya illinoinensis)—Grant Heilman Photography

Nut and tree (Carya illinoinensis, or illinoensis) of the walnut family, native to temperate North America. Occasionally reaching a height of about 160 ft (50 m), the tree has deeply furrowed bark and feather-shaped leaves. Pecan nut meat, rich and distinctive in flavour and texture, has one of the highest fat contents of any vegetable product and a caloric value close to that of butter. Pecan production is a considerable industry of the southeastern U.S., where pecan pie and pecan praline candy are traditional sweets.

This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
For the full entry on pecan, visit

Seen & Heard

What made you look up pecan? Please tell us what you were reading, watching or discussing that led you here.