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Archaeological site, Egypt, on the western bank of the Nile River. Many ancient papyri dating from 250 BC to AD 700 were discovered there in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The papyri, written mainly in Greek and Latin, contain both religious texts and masterpieces of Greek classical literature. Some of these texts, once considered lost, were by Pindar and Callimachus. The modern village of Al-Bahnasa is located on the site.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Oxyrhynchus, visit Britannica.com.