Any of three species (genus Oryx) of large stocky antelopes living in herds on African and Arabian deserts and plains. Oryxes are 40–47 in. (102–120 cm) high. They have a mane and a tufted tail. The coat is grayish brown, whitish, or white, depending on the species, with dark patches on the face and forehead, a dark streak on either side of the eye, and various dark markings on the body and legs. Both sexes have long, sharp-tipped, straight or curved horns.
Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx)—Rod MoonThe National Audubon Society Collection/Photo Researchers
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