Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx)—Rod Moon—The National Audubon Society Collection/Photo Researchers

Any of three species (genus Oryx) of large stocky antelopes living in herds on African and Arabian deserts and plains. Oryxes are 40–47 in. (102–120 cm) high. They have a mane and a tufted tail. The coat is grayish brown, whitish, or white, depending on the species, with dark patches on the face and forehead, a dark streak on either side of the eye, and various dark markings on the body and legs. Both sexes have long, sharp-tipped, straight or curved horns.

This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
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