Nightingale, Florence biographical name
(born May 12, 1820, Florence, Italydied Aug. 13, 1910, London, Eng.) Italian-born British nurse, founder of trained nursing as a profession. As a volunteer nurse, she was put in charge of nursing the military in Turkey during the Crimean War. Her first concern was sanitation: patients' quarters were infested with rats and fleas, and the water allowance was one pint per head per day for all purposes. She used her own finances to purchase supplies. She also spent many hours in the wards; her night rounds giving personal care to the wounded established her image as the Lady with the Lamp. Her efforts to improve soldiers' welfare led to the Army Medical School and a Sanitary Department in India. She started the first scientifically based nursing school, was instrumental in setting up training for midwives and nurses in workhouse infirmaries, and helped reform workhouses. She was the first woman awarded the Order of Merit (1907).
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
For the full entry on Nightingale, Florence, visit Britannica.com.
Seen & Heard
What made you look up Nightingale, Florence? Please tell us what you were reading, watching or discussing that led you here.