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City (pop., 2001: 302,363), capital of India, on the western bank of the Yamuna River, south of Old Delhi in the Delhi national capital territory. Construction of the city began in 1912, and it was formally opened in 1931, when it became the capital. In contrast to the convoluted street plan of Old Delhi, New Delhi has an orderly, diagonal pattern and gives a feeling of openness and quiet. The main east-west axis is Central Vista Park, a thoroughfare lined with government buildings, museums, and research centres.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on New Delhi, visit Britannica.com.