Inflammation of the kidneys. There are numerous kinds, involving different kidney tissues. The most common type is Bright disease. Symptoms vary with the type of nephritis; severe cases can result in kidney failure. Causes include infection, allergy or autoimmune disease, blockage in the urinary system, and hereditary diseases. Treatment addresses the cause where possible.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.For the full entry on nephritis, visit Britannica.com.
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