(from Hebrew navi, “prophet” or “seer”) Group of French artists who paved the way for the development of abstract art in the early 20th century. The Nabis preached that a work of art is the visual expression of an artist's synthesis of nature and his or her personal aesthetic. They were influenced by Paul Gauguin and the Pont-Aven school, as well as by Japanese woodcuts, Symbolist painting, and the Pre-Raphaelites. Paul Sérusier (1865–1927), the group's founder, painted the first Nabi work, Landscape at the Bois d'Amour at Pont-Aven (also called Talisman; 1888). Original members included Pierre Bonnard and Édouard Vuillard; a later member was Aristide Maillol.

This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
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