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Principal river of Australia. Rising near Mount Kosciusko, in southeastern New South Wales, it flows across southeastern Australia from the Snowy Mountains to the Great Australian Bight of the Indian Ocean; it is 1,609 mi (2,589 km) long. It forms the boundary between Victoria and New South Wales and then turns south and flows into Encounter Bay through Lake Alexandrina. River shipping was important in the 19th century, but navigation practically ceased with growing competition from railways and the demand for irrigation water. The river valley is of great economic importance, fostering the production of grains, fruit, and wine as well as cattle and sheep raising.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Murray River, visit Britannica.com.
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