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Most important of Israel's major intelligence agencies. The Mossad carries out foreign espionage and covert political and paramilitary operations. Its director reports directly to the prime minister. It has enjoyed considerable success in operations against the country's Arab neighbours and Palestinian organizations, and it has an excellent reputation internationally for its effectiveness. Its secret agents are credited with the apprehension of Adolf Eichmann in Argentina, the execution of the killers of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Olympics, and the rescue of Israeli hostages in the Entebbe incident. In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, the Mossad was criticized for its treatment of detainees, many of whom were allegedly tortured and killed while in custody, and for its efforts to assassinate some Palestinian political leaders.
Variants of MOSSAD
Mossad Hebrew Mossad Merkazi le-Modiin U-letafkidim Meyuhadim (Central Institute for Intelligence and Security)
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Mossad, visit Britannica.com.
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