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(1905–06, 1911) Two European incidents centring on Germany's attempt to block France's control of Morocco and to restrict French power. While visiting Tangier in 1905, the German emperor William II issued a statement of support for Moroccan independence, which caused international panic. The crisis was resolved at the Algeciras Conference (1906), which recognized France's special political interests in Morocco. The second crisis occurred in 1911 when a German gunboat arrived in Agadir, ostensibly to protect German economic interests during a local uprising. The French objected and made preparations for war, as did Britain, but a settlement was negotiated that gave France rights to a protectorship over Morocco. In return, Germany acquired part of the French Congo.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Moroccan crises, visit Britannica.com.
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