Morley (of Blackburn), John Morley, Viscount

Morley (of Blackburn), John Morley, Viscount

biographical name

(born Dec. 24, 1838, Blackburn, Eng.—died Sept. 23, 1923, Wimbledon, London) English politician and historian. He worked as a journalist in London from 1860, mainly as editor of the liberal Fortnightly Review (1867–82). A supporter of William E. Gladstone, Morley served in the House of Commons (1883–95, 1896–1908). As chief secretary for Ireland (1886, 1892–95), he helped prepare the Irish Home Rule bills. As secretary for India (1905–10), he brought elected Indian representation into the government. He also wrote acclaimed historical works, including biographies of Gladstone, Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Oliver Cromwell.

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