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In grammar, a category that reflects the speaker's view of an event's reality, likelihood, or urgency. Often marked by special verb forms (inflections), moods include the indicative, for factual or neutral situations (e.g., You did your work); the imperative, to convey commands or requests (Do your work); and the subjunctive. The subjunctive's functions vary widely. It may express doubt, possibility, necessity, desire, or future time. In English it often indicates a condition contrary to fact (e.g., If he were to work here, he would have to learn to be punctual).
Variants of MOOD
mood or mode
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on mood, visit Britannica.com.