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(born 1466died c. June 30, 1520, Tenochtitlán, near modern Mexico City) Ninth emperor of the Aztecs. In 1502 he inherited from his uncle an empire of five to six million people that stretched from present-day Mexico to Nicaragua. Aztec belief in the prophesied return of the god Quetzalcóatl, whose description the conquistador Hernán Cortés resembled, contributed to his downfall. Cortés, who had made alliances with tribes eager to be rid of Aztec domination, held Montezuma prisoner in Tenochtitlán, and he died in custody.
Variants of MONTEZUMA II
Montezuma II or Moctezuma II
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Montezuma II, visit Britannica.com.