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Principal monastery of the Benedictine order, located in Latium, central Italy. It was founded c. 529 by St. Benedict of Nursia and reached its peak under Desiderius (later Pope Victor III), who was abbot 1058–87. Its buildings were destroyed by the Lombards (c. 581), the Arabs (883), an earthquake (1349), and World War II bombardment (1944), but were rebuilt each time. It was reconsecrated in 1964.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Monte Cassino, visit Britannica.com.
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