State (pop., 2008 est.: 980,000), northeastern India. Occupying an area of 8,140 sq mi (21,081 sq km), it is bounded by Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh and the states of Tripura, Assam, and Manipur. It is largely mountainous; its capital is Aizawl. The various ethnic groups of Mizoram are known collectively as the Mizo, and they speak a variety of Tibeto-Burman languages and dialects. They were in revolt against India for decades, and the establishment of Mizoram as a union territory in 1972 failed to appease them. The conflict was settled in 1987 with the promotion of Mizoram to statehood. The economy is based on agriculture.
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