North American Indian people living in Quebec, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island, Can.; and in Aroostook, Maine, and near Boston, Mass., U.S. The Mi'kmaq comprise the largest of the Indian tribes of Canada's eastern Maritime Provinces. Early chronicles describe them as fierce and warlike, but they were among the first Indians to accept Jesuit teachings and intermarry with the settlers of New France. The Mi'kmaq formed a confederacy of several clans. In winter they hunted caribou, moose, and small game; in summer they fished, gathered shellfish, and hunted seals. They were expert canoeists. In the 17th–18th century they were allies of the French against the English. Early 21st-century population estimates indicated approximately 14,000 Mi'kmaq descendants.

Variants of MI'KMAQ

Mi'kmaq or Micmac

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