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North American Indian people who live mostly in northeastern Wisconsin, U.S., in a small portion of their traditional territory along the Menominee River at the present-day Wisconsin-Michigan border. Their language is a member of the Algonquian language family. At the time of first contact, the Menominee lived in villages of dome-shaped houses and collected wild plants, fished, and hunted to obtain food. Originally organized into clans, their social organization changed as a result of the fur trade, for which they scattered in mobile bands. In 1852 the U.S. government moved most of the tribe to a reservation in Wisconsin. In 1961 the government terminated federal status for the tribe; federal recognition resumed in 1973. Population estimates indicated more than 9,500 individuals of Menominee descent in the early 21st century.
Variants of MENOMINEE
Menominee also spelled Menomini
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Menominee, visit Britannica.com.