Meiji emperor


Meiji emperor

biographical name

(born Nov. 3, 1852, Kyoto, Japan—died July 30, 1912, Tokyo) Emperor of Japan during whose reign (1867–1912) the Tokugawa shogunate was overthrown, Japan was transformed into a world power, and the imperial throne came to the forefront of the political scene after centuries of being overshadowed by shogunal rule. He believed in the need to modernize Japan along Western lines. Under the Meiji emperor the domains (han) and old class system were abolished, a new school system was introduced, and the Meiji Constitution was promulgated. Also during his reign Taiwan was annexed after the Sino-Japanese War (1894–95), Korea was annexed (1910), and Japan defeated Russia in the Russo-Japanese War (1904–05). See also Tokugawa period; Meiji period; Meiji Restoration.

Variants of MEIJI EMPEROR

Meiji emperor orig. Mutsuhito

This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
For the full entry on Meiji emperor, visit Britannica.com.

Seen & Heard

What made you look up Meiji emperor? Please tell us what you were reading, watching or discussing that led you here.

Get Our Free Apps
Voice Search, Favorites,
Word of the Day, and More
Join Us on FB & Twitter
Get the Word of the Day and More