Mountain in the Alps, on the border between Italy and Switzerland. Rising to 14,692 ft (4,478 m), it appears from the Swiss side to be an isolated peak, but it is actually the end of a ridge. The Italian slope is more difficult to climb than the Swiss slope. It was first scaled on July 14, 1865, by British explorer Edward Whymper, who ascended the Swiss side. Three days later Giovanni A. Carrel led an Italian group in the first ascent from the Italian side.
The Matterhorn overlooking an Alpine valley.—© Corbis
Variants of MATTERHORN
Matterhorn French Mont Cervin Italian Monte Cervino
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
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