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Special administrative region, southern China. Area: 11.3 sq mi (29.2 sq km). Population: (2009 est.) 543,000. Located on the South China Sea coast about 40 mi (64 km) west of Hong Kong, it consists of a small peninsula, which projects from Guangdong province, and two small islands. Macau city is the administrative centre. Portuguese traders first arrived in Macau in 1513, and it soon became the chief market centre for trade between China and Japan. Portugal declared it an overseas province in 1844 and an overseas territory in 1951. In 1999 Portugal returned it to Chinese rule. Tourism and gambling are the mainstays of its economy.
Variants of MACAU
Macau or Macao Chinese Aomen
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Macau, visit Britannica.com.