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Ancient region, southern Anatolia. It is situated north of the Taurus Mountains in present-day Turkey. It was ruled by Alexander the Great, the Seleucids, the Attalids, and, finally, the Romans. Under Rome it was attached to Galatia and Cappadocia. From Seleucid times on, Iconium (modern Konya) served as its capital. It was visited by St. Paul, and by the 4th century it had developed an organized ecclesiastical system.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Lycaonia, visit Britannica.com.