Former city, since 1950 a district of Dalian city, Liaoning province, northeastern China. Situated at the southern tip of the Liaodong Peninsula, it was used as a staging post as early as the 2nd century BC. Fortified under the Ming dynasty, it was captured by the Manchus in 1633 and served as the seat of a defense unit under the Qing dynasty. In 1878 it became the chief base for China's first modern naval force. Leased to Russia in 1898, it was captured by Japan (1905) during the Russo-Japanese War and was made the seat of a provincial government. Under a 1945 treaty it became a Sino-Soviet military base; the Soviet forces withdrew in 1955.

Variants of LÜSHUN

Lüshun or Lü-shun formerly Port Arthur

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