Liberal-Democratic Party (LDP)
Major Japanese political party, which held power continuously from its formation in 1955 until 1993 and again from 1994 to 2009. It was created through the amalgamation and transformation of various factions of the prewar Rikken Seiyukai and Minseito parties. The conservative LDP appeared threatened in the 1970s but survived; the end of the 1980s boom years (the bubble economy), financial crises, and political scandals finally caused the party to lose its majority in the Diet in 1993. It came back to power in a coalition government in 1994, and since then LDP prime ministers included Obuchi Keizo and Koizumi Junichiro. In 2009 parliamentary elections the party lost badly to the Democratic Party of Japan and relinquished control of the government.
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