Leo IX, Saint biographical name
(born 1002, Egisheim, Alsace, Upper Lorrainedied April 19, 1054, Rome; feast day April 19) Pope (1049–54). He was consecrated bishop of Toul in 1027. He was named pope by Emperor Henry III but insisted on election by the clergy and people of Rome. His efforts to strengthen the papacy and eradicate clerical marriage and simony laid the foundation for the Gregorian reform movement. His assertion of papal primacy and his military campaign against the Normans in Sicily (1053) alienated the Eastern church. His representatives excommunicated the patriarch of Constantinople. Though Leo had already died, their act triggered the Schism of 1054.
Variants of LEO IX, SAINT
Leo IX, Saint orig. Bruno, count von Egisheim und Dagsburg
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