Le Nôtre, André

Le Nôtre, André

biographical name

(born March 12, 1613, Paris, France—died Sept. 15, 1700, Paris) French landscape architect. In 1637 he succeeded his father as master gardener to Louis XIII at the Tuileries Palace in Paris; he redesigned its gardens and extended the main avenue that later became the Champs-Élysées. Louis XIV placed him in charge of planning the gardens at the Palace of Versailles, which Le Nôtre transformed from a muddy swamp to a park of splendid vistas. He designed numerous other parks and gardens in France, including those at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Saint-Cloud, and Fontainebleau, and probably St. James's Park in London. His designs later influenced Pierre-Charles L'Enfant.

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