Ancient Greek colony on the Asian shore of the Dardanelles. It was famous for its wines and was the chief seat of the worship of Priapus. Colonized in 654 BC by Ionian Phocaea, it took part in the Ionian revolt against the Persian Achaemenian dynasty in 499 and later joined the Delian League. When Athens fell in 405, it again came under Persian control until Alexander the Great captured it in 334. It was the home of the philosopher Strato of Lampsacus.

This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
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