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(born Aug. 23, 1900, Vienna, Austriadied Dec. 23, 1991, Palm Springs, Calif., U.S.) Austrian-born U.S. composer. He studied composition from age 16 with Franz Schreker (1878–1934) and first gained attention with his atonal Second Symphony (1923). After a brief Neoclassical phase, he reestablished his radical credentials with the jazz-influenced satiric opera Johnny Strikes up the Band! (1926), which created a sensation. Intrigued by Arnold Schoenberg's 12-tone method (seeserialism), he devised his own versionwhich involved rotation of the set's orderfor the opera Karl V (1933), the first 12-tone opera. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1937 and taught at several institutions, but his large body of work remained more highly esteemed in Europe.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Krenek, Ernst, visit Britannica.com.
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