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(Hebrew: Assembly) Unicameral national legislature of Israel. The first Knesset opened in 1949. Its name and the number of its seats (120) are based on the Jewish assembly of biblical times; its traditions and organization are based on the Zionist Congress, the political system of the Jewish community in pre-Israel Palestine, and more loosely the British House of Commons. Its members are elected by proportional representation for four-year terms; candidates are chosen by their parties.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Knesset, visit Britannica.com.
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