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Replacement of a diseased or damaged kidney with one from a living relative or a legally dead donor. The former's tissue type is more likely to match, reducing the chance of rejection; but removal puts the donor at risk, and a kidney from a dead donor is more likely to be available. The new kidney is implanted and its blood vessels and ureter sewn in place. A near-normal life may be resumed within two months, but the drugs that prevent rejection leave the patient vulnerable to infection. See alsotransplant.
Variants of KIDNEY TRANSPLANT
kidney transplant or renal transplant
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on kidney transplant, visit Britannica.com.
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